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Although there are a large number of papers dealing with overpopulation and periodical migration, they seem to omit the village and its closer geographical environment. The changes of social structure and life-strategies in sekler villages has also been subject to investigation, but none of these researches deals with these problems as they arise in Farkaslaka. Besides following up the local aspects of changes on the macro level in sekler society, our questions focus on a determining aspect of social change in this village: the culture of enterpreneurship. The authors (Kinda Istvánand, Peti Lehel MA students of the Babes-Bolyai University, researchers in ethnology) claim that the emergence of the culture of entrepreneurship is one of the most important processes in the recent past and present of the village; and by describing it, they attempt to draw the image of a local society. The group in focus: charcoal-burners.

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The paper investigates and interprets results of a survey on participants of the Balvanyos/Tusnad/Tusvanyos Summer University and Students’ Camp, 2001. The authors (Kálmán Ercsei, Réka Geambasu) are sociologists, and work with the Babes-Bolyai University.

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Although there is a vast literature describing different aspects of the migration of Transylvanian Hungarian youth to Hungary, only a few papers deal with their migration with the purpose to study, in the period after 1990. István Horváth analyzes this phenomenon from the perspectives of its dynamic in time, its structural context, and the changes of its general (social) and closer environment (the relationships between the educational system, the labor market, and the system of social stratification). The author is a sociologist teaching at the Hungarian Department of the Department of Sociology, University of Kolozsvár. He has specialized on ethnicity, bilingualism and migration studies.

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In this period, the saturation of the intellectual labor market, the overpopulation of higher education, the changes brought by the war and what followed it were common across all Europe, just like the sinking quality of higher education and the intellectual market. This was a general situation that affected both the members of the minority and the majority, but Hungarians and Romanians tended to throw the blame for this global phenomenon on each other… The author of the paper, Pálfy Zoltán, teaches History and Political Sciences at the Babeş-Bolyai University.

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This is a study of the formation and length of the youth period of the 15-29 aged hungarian population of Hungary’s neighboring countries, as well as the age and mode of incurrence of this period’s most important life events. It is based on the Hungarian and majority sample of the research called Mozaik 2001, which can be taken as a sort of a radiogram of a society. The author, Valér Veres is a sociologist, and teaches at the University of Kolozsvár.

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2021-03-31

Editor: Horváth István (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) State socialism was a social-historical reality, in the forms of life and life situations it created / allowed. Its lifestyle project: the residential area with blocks of...

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